Madrid

The capital of Spain, Madrid is a vibrant and culturally rich city, with world-famous museums, iconic monuments and architecture, lush green parks, exquisite restaurants, and one of the world’s most famous football (soccer) clubs – Real Madrid!

The city’s history can be traced back to the 9th century when it was a small Muslim fortress called “Mayrit” or “Magerit.” In the 11th century, the Christian Kingdom of Castille expanded into the region and took control of the town, and Madrid grew as a Christian settlement. In 1561, King Philip II of Spain declared Madrid as the capital of the Spanish Empire, moving it from Toledo, and the city experienced significant urban development and architectural expansion thereafter. Landmarks such as the Royal Palace (Palacio Real) and the Plaza Mayor were constructed during the 16th- 18th century.

In the early 19th century, Madrid played a pivotal role in the Peninsular War against Napoleon’s forces, and from 1936-1939 it was a major battleground during the Spanish Civil War. Following these wars, Madrid underwent a period of reconstruction and modernization, ultimately emerging as a major metropolis that seamlessly blends its historical heritage with modern influences.


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