Argentina

The eighth largest country in the world, Argentina runs parallel to Chile in the south-eastern part of South America, flanked by the Andes mountains to the west, and the Atlantic ocean to the east. The country is divided into eight regions:

1. Buenos Aires City – With its strong European influence and its vibrant cultural scene and nightlife, Buenos Aires is often called the “Paris of South America.” Nearly half the population of Argentina lives in the city of Buenos Aires.

2. Mesopotamia region – The northeastern part of the country, the Mesopotamia region’s most famous landmarks are the Iguazu waterfalls, which descend along a 1.6 mile (2.7 kilometer) front in a horseshoe shape on Argentina’s border with Brazil, and the Ibera swamps. The region’s many national parks have large cat species like cougars and jaguars, as well as ocelots, crocodiles, caimans, flamingos, toucans, and turtles.

3. Northwest – The northwester part of the country, this region has colorful plateaus and salty lakes. The most famous sights in the region are Salta and Cafayate, a high-altitude region with several vineyards, red mountains and valleys. There are also several aboriginal sights on the border with Bolivia.

4. Andean region – The Andes region is home to the highest peak in the Western hemisphere, the Cerro Aconcagua, which towers over the Andes at 22,384 feet (6,960 meters). The region is also famous for Mendoza province, which offers world class wineries surrounded by stunning scenery.

5. Pampas – The Pampas is the agricultural heartland of Argentina. The region has vast tracts of land dedicated to agriculture and livestock managed by gauchos, who are similar to American cowboys.

6. North Patagonia – This part of Patagonia has several mountains and lakes and offers activities like skiing, trekking, and apple and pear fruit picking. The main destinations in the region are Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, and El Bolson.

7. South Patagonia – Southern Patagonia is abundantly blessed with glaciers, lakes, and forests. The economy of the region is dependent on sheep herding, mining, agriculture and tourism. The most famous destination in the region is the Los Glaciares National Park near El Calafate, home to the world famous Perito Moreno glacier.

8. Coastal Patagonia – This region is home to an incredible range of wildlife such as whales, elephant seals, fur seals, penguins and sea lions. The waters off the Atlantic are home to sharks, orcas, dolphins, and salmon. At the southern tip of coastal Patagonia, also known as Tierra del Fuego, is Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world.


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