Argentina

The eighth largest country in the world, Argentina runs parallel to Chile in the south-eastern part of South America, flanked by the Andes mountains to the west, and the Atlantic ocean to the east. The country can be divided into six regions:

1. Buenos Aires City – With its strong European influence and its vibrant cultural scene and nightlife, Buenos Aires is often called the “Paris of South America.” The city has several distinct neighborhoods ranging from the upscale Recoleta district to the colorful, immigrant district of La Boca, and several iconic traditional restaurants called “parrillas,” where visitors can get a taste of Argentinian steak and wines. Home to the classic, elegant, sensual dance form called Argentinian Tango, the city is also full of several Tango clubs. Residents can even be seen dancing the Tango on the streets. One cannot leave Buenos Aires without seeing a traditional Argentinian Tango show!

2. Mesopotamia region – Located in the northeastern part of the country, the Mesopotamia region’s most famous landmarks are the Iguazu waterfalls, which descend along a 1.6 mile (2.7 kilometer) front in a horseshoe shape on Argentina’s border with Brazil, and the Ibera swamps. The region’s many national parks have large cat species like cougars and jaguars, as well as ocelots, crocodiles, caimans, flamingos, toucans, and turtles.

3. Northwest – This region is known for its breathtaking landscapes, from the arid deserts, salt flats, and red mountains and valleys of Salta, to some of the best vineyards in the world, near Cafayate. There are also several aboriginal sights on the border with Bolivia.

4. Andean region – The Andes region is home to the highest peak in the Western hemisphere, the Cerro Aconcagua, which towers over the Andes at 22,384 feet (6,960 meters). The region is also famous for Mendoza province, which offers world class wineries surrounded by stunning scenery.

5. Pampas – The Pampas is the agricultural heartland of Argentina. The region has vast tracts of land dedicated to agriculture and livestock managed by gauchos, who are similar to American cowboys.

6. Argentinian Patagonia – Argentinian Patagonia itself can be split into three regions: Northern, Southern, and Coastal. Northern Patagonia has several mountains and lakes and offers activities like skiing, trekking, and apple and pear fruit picking. The main destinations in the region are Bariloche, San Martin de los Andes, and El Bolson. Southern Patagonia is abundantly blessed with glaciers, lakes, and forests. The economy of the region is dependent on sheep herding, mining, agriculture and tourism. The most famous destination in the region is the Los Glaciares National Park near El Calafate, home to the world famous Perito Moreno glacier. Coastal Patagonia is home to an incredible range of wildlife such as whales, elephant seals, fur seals, penguins and sea lions. The waters off the Atlantic are home to sharks, orcas, dolphins, and salmon. At the southern tip of coastal Patagonia, also known as Tierra del Fuego, is Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world.


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