Florence, Italy

Florence, the capital of the Tuscany region of Italy, was established by Julius Caesar in 59 BC. It is widely considered to be the birthplace of the Renaissance, having given rise to renowned artists, sculptors, philosophers and scientists like Michelangelo, Ghiberti, Brunelleschi, Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Dante and Galileo.

The city is filled with architectural and artistic treasures including the Florence Cathedral, whose dome was the architectural triumph of Filippo Brunelleschi, the golden Gates of Paradise in the Baptistry of Florence designed by Lorenzo Ghiberti, the statue of David, one of the masterpieces of Michelangelo, and the countless works of art by renaissance painters like Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Raphael, Caravaggio and Michelangelo in the world-famous Uffizi Gallery.

Florence was ruled for several years by the Medici family, and their stamp is found all over the city, from the Palazzo Vecchio and the Palazzo Pitti, to the Vasari corridor that was constructed to connect these two palaces, and several other architectural and artistic achievements. From 1865 to 1871, the city also served as the capital of the Kingdom of Italy.

Today, Florence is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. In addition to its historical, architectural, and artistic treasures, the city exudes an irresistible, romantic atmosphere, with its charming alleyways, and excellent bars and restaurants serving fabulous Tuscan and international cuisine.


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